How to Adapt Classic British Recipes for Vegetarian and Vegan Diets?

As we delve deeper into the 21st century, many of us have started questioning our dietary habits. The rise of vegetarian and vegan diets, in particular, has been nothing short of phenomenal, as a growing number of people opt for meals free from meat, fish, dairy, and other animal-derived ingredients. Certainly, the motivations behind these dietary choices vary. Some choose this path for ethical reasons, others for health benefits, and many more for environmental sustainability.

However, switching to a plant-based diet doesn’t mean giving up on your favourite classic British recipes. From hearty stews to satisfying pies, the rich and diverse British cuisine can be easily adapted to fit a vegetarian or vegan diet. In this article, we’ll guide you through the process of transforming some beloved British dishes into vegetarian and vegan miracles.

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1. Shepherd’s Pie – A Vegetarian Delight

The classic British shepherd’s pie, traditionally made with lamb or beef mince, is an excellent dish to adapt for a vegetarian diet. The meat can easily be replaced with a mixture of hearty vegetables, lentils, or even plant-based meat substitutes available in the market.

To make a vegetarian shepherd’s pie, start by sautéing onions, carrots, and celery in a pan with oil. Add garlic and cook until fragrant. Stir in your chosen meat substitute and add some vegetable stock, simmering until well cooked. Layer this mixture in a baking dish, followed by a layer of mashed potatoes. Bake until golden and enjoy a hearty, meat-free version of this classic British dish.

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2. Fish and Chips – The Vegan Way

Fish and chips, that iconic British comfort food, might seem impossible to recreate without its star ingredient, but nothing could be further from the truth. With a little imagination and a few key ingredients, you can enjoy a vegan version of this popular dish without missing the original flavour.

A popular vegan substitute for fish is tofu, thanks to its versatile nature. To replicate the texture and taste of battered fish, marinate slices of tofu in a mixture of seaweed flakes, lemon juice, and vegetable stock, then coat them in a batter made from flour and sparkling water. Deep-fry until crisp and golden, and serve with chunky chips for a delicious vegan take on this British staple.

3. A Dairy-Free Twist on Traditional Yorkshire Pudding

Traditional Yorkshire pudding, typically made with milk and eggs, is a staple of British cuisine. However, when adapted for a dairy-free or vegan diet, it requires a bit of creativity.

In place of the usual dairy ingredients, you can use plant-based milk and a vegan egg substitute, such as chickpea flour or flaxseed ‘eggs’. The trick is to get the oil in the muffin tin smoking hot before adding the batter. This ensures a crisp exterior and a soft, fluffy interior – just like traditional Yorkshire pudding.

4. A Plant-Based Spin on Classic British Roast

A Sunday roast with all the trimmings might seem like a challenge to adapt for a vegan or vegetarian diet. But with a few easy swaps, you can create a delicious, plant-based version of this British classic.

Instead of a meat joint, why not roast a whole cauliflower or a mix of hearty root vegetables? Rub them in olive oil, season well, and roast until tender and caramelised. Pair your roasted vegetables with vegan Yorkshire puddings, gravy made from vegetable stock, and an assortment of roasted and steamed vegetables for a satisfying, plant-based feast.

5. Vegan Victoria Sponge Cake

Last, but certainly not least, let’s think about dessert. The Victoria Sponge, a cake synonymous with British afternoon tea, traditionally relies on eggs and dairy.

To make a vegan-friendly version, substitute the eggs with a mixture of vinegar and baking soda, which will help the cake rise. Use plant-based milk and a dairy-free spread instead of the usual dairy ingredients. For the filling, opt for vegan-friendly jam and a cream substitute, like coconut cream.

Adapting classic British recipes for vegetarian and vegan diets can be a fun and rewarding process. With a little creativity and a willingness to experiment, you’ll be able to enjoy these dishes without compromising your dietary choices. So, don your apron and get cooking!

6. Butternut Squash "Steak" and Chips

A British staple that is quickly gaining popularity in vegetarian and vegan circles is the concept of "vegetable steaks." This dish replaces the traditional meat steak with a thick-cut, hearty vegetable. One popular option is butternut squash.

To make butternut squash "steak", start by cutting the squash into thick slices. Rub them with olive oil, and season with salt, pepper, and any other preferred herbs or spices. Roast in the oven until tender and slightly caramelized.

For a truly British experience, serve your butternut squash "steak" with a side of chips, just like a traditional steak and chips dish. You can make your own chips by cutting potatoes into thick slices, tossing them in olive oil, salt, and pepper, and roasting them until crisp and golden.

For a gluten-free twist, you can replace your traditional, flour-coated chips with hearty slices of sweet potato or root vegetables like parsnips or carrots. Remember, the heart of following a plant-based diet lies in experimenting and finding what works best for you.

7. Creamy Mushroom Risotto – A Dairy-Free Delight

Next up on our list of adaptable British classics is the creamy mushroom risotto. Traditional risottos often rely on dairy products like butter and cream to achieve a creamy texture. However, there’s no need to fret! You can easily achieve the same lusciousness with a few clever, dairy-free substitutes.

Begin by sautéing finely chopped onions and garlic, and a variety of mushrooms in olive oil until they are tender and fragrant. Add arborio rice and stir until the grains are coated in the oil and slightly translucent. Gradually add vegetable stock, stirring until the liquid is absorbed before adding more.

The key to a creamy, dairy free risotto lies in its final stages. Once the rice is cooked, add a generous splash of almond milk and a good handful of nutritional yeast. The almond milk adds a subtle creaminess, while the nutritional yeast provides a cheesy flavor. Stir until the risotto is creamy and thick. You’ll have a delicious, dairy-free mushroom risotto that even meat eaters will love!


Following a plant-based diet doesn’t mean giving up on your favorite classic British recipes. With a bit of creativity and the courage to experiment, you can easily adapt traditional recipes to match your dietary preferences. Whether it’s substituting meat with hearty vegetables, replacing dairy products with plant-based alternatives, or using gluten-free ingredients, the possibilities are endless.

Remember, the key is to enjoy the process of discovering new flavors and combinations, and most importantly, to have fun along the way. So, whether you’re a vegetarian, vegan, or just looking to incorporate more fruits and vegetables into your diet, these adapted British classics are sure to delight. Now, don your apron and get cooking! It’s time to rediscover the joy and satisfaction of cooking plant-based meals. And, as we in the United Kingdom say, keep calm and carry on cooking!